By Jane Parent
Some aspects of being an adult aren’t so great, and taking care of yourself when you get sick is certainly one of them. Before your teen leaves home, he or she should feel confident that “I know how to take care of myself.” The very first step, of course, is prevention—get a flu shot, wash your hands frequently, and try to stay away from sick people. But if you do get ill, here are ideas for how you can take care of you.
How to Take Care of Myself When I’m Sick
Colds: Blow your nose, and frequently. Get that phlegm out of your body instead of sniffing it back in. Take a hot shower to help clear your sinuses. Drink lots of fluids. Gargle with warm saltwater to temporarily relieve a sore or scratchy throat. Choose non-drowsy daytime cold medicine if you need to stay awake and nighttime versions for when it’s time to sleep. (Warning: Taking non-drowsy medications at night can interfere with sleep.)
Flu: Symptoms may include fever, cough, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills, fatigue, and feeling run down. If you get the flu, stay home and avoid contact with others. Stay hydrated with water, broth, or sports drinks. Wait a full 24 hours after a fever abates to resume your normal schedule. Never take aspirin for a viral infection, like flu, as it may trigger Reye’s syndrome (a serious condition that causes swelling of the liver and brain) in some teenagers.
Fever: Have a thermometer so you can determine whether your temperature is above normal (98.6° F). Rest and drink plenty of water. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen can lower a fever. If you have the chills, a lukewarm shower or bath (NOT an ice-cold bath) can help. (Warning: Call a doctor if your fever does not respond to medication, or if it spikes above 103° F, or if you experience a sudden onset of fever and severe pain when bending your neck forward.)
Menstrual Cramps: Exercise may be the last thing you want to do, but it releases endorphins and reduces cramps. Hot compresses or an electric heating pad applied to your lower abdomen can bring some relief. Avoid alcohol and caffeine, which can be dehydrating and worsen symptoms. Ibuprofen or naproxen can lessen uterine muscle contractions as well as leg, back, and muscle pain.
Food Poisoning: If you can say “I can take care of myself” with food poisoning, you are definitely on your way to becoming an adult. Food poisoning results from eating contaminated or spoiled food. The most common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Although very uncomfortable, food poisoning usually passes through your system rapidly. Sleep is the best remedy. Stay well-hydrated to help your body rid itself of the bacteria with water, ice chips, or sports drinks with electrolytes. Over-the-counter medications such as Imodium and Pepto-Bismol can help control diarrhea and suppress nausea. Stick to bland food and eat small quantities. Avoid dairy products, which can irritate an upset stomach. Individuals with severe cases of food poisoning may require hydration with intravenous (IV) fluids at a hospital. (Warning: Call 911 if you have signs of severe hydration: little or no urine, no tears, sunken eyes, and a dry mouth; fast breathing and heartbeat; dizziness; and lethargy.)
Jane Parent is senior editor of Your Teen.